Expert ophthalmic injury advice

Eye injuries are one of the most common reasons why people attend A&E and a swift and accurate diagnosis is essential. An individual may suffer an eye injury for a number of reasons and we set out a number of these below.

Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes in which the retina of the eye becomes progressively damaged. With prompt treatment the prognosis is good, but if untreated diabetic retinopathy can cause partial, and ultimately total, loss of vision.

In the early stages there are no symptoms, so all diabetics aged 12 and over should have their retinas checked once a year to identify any changes.

The type of treatment required will depend upon how advanced the condition has become and may involve more frequent monitoring, help to achieve better diabetic control, and laser treatment.

Traumatic eye injuries

If a penetrating wound is identified, an immediate referral to an ophthalmic expert should be made. Delayed treatment may result in infection, increased scarring and loss of vision.